The Impact of the General Data Protection Regulation on Artificial Intelligence 

The Impact of the General Data Protection Regulation on Artificial Intelligence 

 

European Parliamentary Research Service

June 2020

 

Abstract

This study addresses the relationship between the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and artificial intelligence (AI). After introducing some basic concepts of AI, it reviews the state of the art in AI technologies and focuses on the application of AI to personal data. It considers challenges and opportunities for individuals and society, and the ways in which risks can be countered and opportunities enabled through law and technology. 

The study then provides an analysis of how AI is regulated in the GDPR and examines the extent to which AI fits into the GDPR conceptual framework. It discusses the tensions and proximities between AI and data protection principles, such as, in particular, purpose limitation and data minimisation. It examines the legal bases for AI applications to personal data and considers duties of information concerning AI systems, especially those involving profiling and automated decision-making. It reviews data subjects’ rights, such as the rights to access, erasure, portability and object. 

The study carries out a thorough analysis of automated decisionmaking, considering the extent to which automated decisions are admissible, the safeguard measures to be adopted, and whether data subjects have a right to individual explanations. It then addresses the extent to which the GDPR provides for a preventive risk-based approach, focusing on data protection by design and by default. The possibility to use AI for statistical purposes, in a way that is consistent with the GDPR, is also considered. 

The study concludes by observing that AI can be deployed in a way that is consistent with the GDPR, but also that the GDPR does not provide sufficient guidance for controllers, and that its prescriptions need to be expanded and concretised. Some suggestions in this regard are developed.

 

You can find original report  below:

Click to access EPRS_STU(2020)641530_EN.pdf

2012 yılında Japonca eğitimim sonrasında hukuk fakültesine başladı. Jürging-Örkün-Putzar Rechtsanwalte (Almanya), Güler Hukuk Bürosu ve Ünsal & Gündüz Attorneys at Law' da staj yaptı. Japon dili sertifikası aldı. Ayrıca arabuluculuk- tahkim ve ceza hukuku gibi alanlarda sertifika programlarına katıldı.Bunların akabinde Bilişim ve Teknoloji Hukuku alanında yüksek lisans yapmaya başladı. Köksal & Partners hukuk bürosunda avukat olarak çalışmakta. Büyük bir merakla, robotlar, yapay zeka ve onların hukuksal durumları ve problemler ile ilgili çalışmalar yürütmekte. She studied law following herJapanese education on 2012. She fulfilled her internships in Jurging-Orkun-Putzar Rechtsanwalte(Germany), Guler Law Office and Unsal&Gunduz Attorney at Law . Also she has certificate of Japanese language and she has mediation and arbitration certificates and criminal law certificates from law workshops. Afterwards, she started the master program on information and technology law, at Istanbul Bilgi University. She works as a lawyer at Koksal & Partners law office. Her goal and ambition is the working in the field of Robotics, AI and their legal statutes and problems and exploring the relevant necessities where no women has ever gone before... Yazarın diğer yazıları için ayrıca bakınız: For further works of the author: https://bilgi.academia.edu/Selin%C3%87etin https://siberbulten.com/author/selin-cetin/

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